Matematik Öğretmenlerinin Yanlış Cevaplara Verdikleri Dönütlerin Öğrenci Özsaygıları Üzerindeki Rolü

Mustafa Çevikbaş, Ziya Argün
815 210

Öz


Bu araştırmanın amacı matematik öğretmenlerinin yanlış cevaplara verdikleri dönütlerin öğrenci özsaygıları üzerinde ne gibi bir rol oynadığının belirlenmesidir. Nitel bir araştırma olan bu çalışma fenomenolojik desene uygun olarak tasarlanmıştır. Amaçlı örnekleme yöntemi ile belirlenen katılımcılar bir devlet lisesinde öğrenim gören yedi dokuzuncu sınıf öğrencisi ve altı matematik öğretmeninden oluşmaktadır. Araştırmanın veri toplama araçlarını görüşme, gözlem ve alan notları oluşturmaktadır. Nitel verilerin betimsel analizi ile elde edilen bulgulara göre matematik öğretmenlerinin kullandıkları belirlenen altı dönüt türünden kolaylaştırıcı ve teşvik edici dönütün öğrenci özsaygısını olumlu; düzeltici ve cezalandırıcı dönütün olumsuz yönde etkilediği belirlenmiştir. Açıklayıcı ve sorgulayıcı dönütün ise kullanım biçimlerine göre özsaygı üzerinde hem olumlu hem de olumsuz etkilerinin bulunduğu belirlenmiştir.


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